Domestic Politics The political structure of Japan at this time was inherited from the Meiji era and was increasingly dominated by the military.During the Meiji period, the government was controlled by a small ruling group of elder statesmen who had overthrown the shogun and established the new centralized Japanese state.Few longitudinal studies have examined the pathways through which family violence leads to dating aggression.In the current study the authors used 3 waves of data obtained from 8th- and 9th-grade adolescents (N=1,965) to examine the hypotheses that the prospective relationship between witnessing family violence and directly experiencing violence and physical dating aggression perpetration is mediated by 3 constructs: (a) normative beliefs about dating aggression (norms), (b) anger dysregulation, and (c) depression. PY - 2015/1/1Y1 - 2015/1/1N2 - Few longitudinal studies have examined the pathways through which family violence leads to dating aggression.In particular, the government was never able to gain real control of the economy and the great zaibatsu, which were more interested in the economic opportunities provided by the military's policies than in submitting loyally to a patriotic mission.The emperor has been criticized for not taking a more forceful action to restrain his government, especially in light of his own known preference for peace, but Japanese emperors after the Meiji Restoration had "reigned but not ruled." One wonders if a more forceful emperor in fact could have controlled the army and navy at this late date.
But the Soviet army's resistance to Japanese attacks was sufficient to discourage northern expansion.
Taken together, the findings suggest that anger dysregulation and normative beliefs are potential targets for dating abuse prevention efforts aimed at youth who have directly experienced violence.
KW - Dating violence KW - Development KW - Intergenerational transmission KW - Intimate partner violence KW - Longitudinal KW - Path analysis UR -
Many of the young soldiers mobilized into the Japanese army by the early 1930s came from the rural areas, where the effects of the depression were devastating and poverty was widespread.
Their commitment to the military effort to expand Japanese territory to achieve economic security can be understood partly in these terms.
From infants to the elderly, it affects people in all stages of life.